Center for Arms Control

Security Spending

Fiscal Year 2003 Military Budget at a Glance

$396.1 billion - Military budget request for FY 2003 (Budget Authority)

$45.3 billion increase from FY 2002

(N.B. Above figures are called “National Defense” or “050” in the federal budget; they include Pentagon budget plus the intelligence budget, Department of Energy military programs and a few smaller programs.)

FY 2003 NATIONAL DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY (FUNCTION 050)

$379.3 billion - Pentagon

$ 15.6 billion - Department of Energy nuclear weapons activities

$ 1.2 billion - other (Coast Guard)

$396.1 billion - TOTAL

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE NEW MILITARY BUDGET REQUEST

  1. The Administration is requesting a military budget of $396.1 billion in fiscal 2003, a 1-year increase of $45.3. This will be the largest increase in military budget authority since fiscal 1966 at the height of the Vietnam War. The increase alone is larger that the military budget of all other countries beside Japan, whose budget is $45.6 billion.
  2. In fiscal 2007, the National Defense budget is slated to increase to $469.6 billion.
  3. While the budget is being touted for fighting terrorism, the bulk of the funding goes for buying weapons and a force structure designed during the Cold War, not for “transformation” systems such as precision-guided bombs and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). (Unmanned aerial vehicles: $1.1 billion Precision-guided weapons: $1.3 billion Refurbish 4 Trident submarines for Tomahawk cruise missiles: $1 billion The request for the three new tactical aircraft programs — F-22, F/A-E/F and Joint Strike Fighter — is $12 billion).
  4. While the military budget increases, so too does the budget deficit; the Congressional Budget Office is now projecting deficits of $106 billion for 2002 and $80 billion for fiscal year 2003.
  5. The request for missile defense is $7.8 billion, about the same level approved in fiscal 2002. That total is expected to reach $11.1 billion in fiscal 2007.
  6. The Pentagon has budgeted $27.2 billion to combat terrorism, including the $10 billion contingency fund.
  7. The Nunn-Lugar (Cooperative Threat Reduction) request is $416.7 million.
  8. Military construction is cut from $6.6 billion to $4.8 billion, with programs delayed until the next round of base closings (not including family housing)
  9. “I will earmark at least 20 percent of the procurement budget for acquisition programs that propel American generations ahead in military technology … [We will] skip a generation of technology.” (Candidate George W. Bush, speech at The Citadel, September 23, 1999). It is not clear which if any programs have been skipped.

STRATEGIC NUCLEAR PROGRAM REQUESTS IN FY 2003 BUDGET

B-2 bomber: $297.4 billion (to continue work on 21 planes, made in CA, WA & OH)

Trident II (D-5 missile): $626.1 million (12 new missiles, made in CA)

Ballistic Missile Defense: $7.8 billion

Major elements of missile defense program:

  • $3,193 million - Midcourse defense segment
  • $1,128 million - Terminal defense segment
  • $ 797 million - Boost phase segment
  • $1,101 million - General missile defense work
  • $ 373 million - Sensors
  • $ 935 million - THAAD (Theater High Altitude Area Defense)
  • $ 472 million - Patriot PAC3 theater defense

Other highlights of missile defense:

  • Navy area theater program has been canceled
  • Space-based Infra-Red System-Low (SBISR-L) satellite system has been delayed by two years
  • Space Based Laser program has been redirected

New Pentagon definition of strategic triad, developed from Nuclear Posture Review:

  1. Nuclear weapons - land, sea and air
  2. Missile defense
  3. Enhanced convention capacity (intelligence, precision guided weapons)

MAJOR CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS REQUESTS (IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS)

FY 2002 FY 2003 WEAPONS PROGRAMS (state of prime contractors in parentheses)

3,229.5 3,267.3 F/A-18 E/F Navy Super Hornet - (44 planes made in MA, MO MD & CA)

3,918.1 5,248.3 F-22 Air Force advanced fighter (23 planes made in GA, TX, WA and FL)

1,524.9 3,471.2 JSF Navy-Air Force-Marine Joint Strike Fighter (Made in TX and CT)

1,681.0 1,994.0 V-22 Osprey - (11 aircraft made in TX, PA and IN)

781.3 910.2 RAH-66 Army Comanche light helicopter (made in CT, PA, AZ, IN)

950.6 941.7 AH-64 Longbow Apache helicopter (74 helicopters made in MD)

3,871.8 3,983.9 C-17 Air Force airlift aircraft - (12 planes made in CA and CT)

665.6 545.5 C-130J cargo aircraft (4 planes made in GA and IN)

470.5 334.8 E-8C Joint STARS airborne radar system - (1 plane made in FL)

970.9 1,118.6 UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (37 aircraft)

2,467.9 2,457.4 NSSN New Attack Submarine (1 sub made in CT and VA)

3,407.6 2,670.2 DDG-51 Navy Aegis destroyer - (2 destroyers made in ME and MS)

156.0 614.6 LPD-17 Navy transport dock ship (1 ship made in LA, ME, CA & AL)

487.3 475.2 Crusaser artillery system (Made in MI, OK, MN and MA)

Source: Program Acquisition Cost By Weapons System, Department of Defense Budget for Fiscal Year 2003

MOST EXPENSIVE WEAPONS SYSTEMS - TOTAL PROGRAM COSTS

$ 250.0 billion - JSF Joint Strike Fighter - 3,128 planes

$158 - $238 billion - Layered national missile defense Land, sea, space-based

$ 65.7 billion - NSSN Navy New Attack Submarine - 30 subs

$ 68.9 billion - F-22 Air Force advanced tactical fighter - 305 planes

$ 55.8 billion - DDG-51 Navy AEGIS destroyer - 58 ships

$ 47.0 billion - F/A-18 E/F Navy Super Hornet - 548 planes

$ 44.9 billion - C-17 Air Force airlift aircraft - 134 planes

$ 44.7 billion - B-2 Air Force bomber - 21 planes

$ 48.1 billion - RAH-66 Army Comanche helicopter - 1,213 helicopters

$ 37.2 billion - MV-22 Navy Osprey - 437 planes

$ 27.1 billion - D-5 Navy Trident II missile - 453 missiles

$ 11.2 billion - Crusader Mobile Howitzer - 480 vehicles

$ 8.8 billion - LPD-17 Navy transport dock ship - 8 ships

Source: Selected Acquisition Report, September 30, 2001; JSF, B-2 and Crusader from DoD Director, Operational Test and Evaluation; Missile defense cost from CBO

DOD ACTIVE DUTY, RESERVE AND CIVILIAN PERSONNEL IN FY 2003

1,389,700 active military personnel

864,600 selected reserve

684,600 Defense Department civilians

2,938,900 TOTAL MILITARY, RESERVE AND CIVILIANS IN FY 2001

FORCE LEVELS IN FY 2003 BUDGET

10 active and 8 guard divisions (down from 18 and 10 in 1990)

3 active & 1 reserve Marine Corps divisions (no reductions)

12 active aircraft carriers (down from 15 in 1990)

53 attack submarines (down from 93 in 1990)

308 battle force ships (down from 546 in 1990)

10 active and 1 reserve Navy carrier air wings (down from 13 and 2 in 1990)

12+ active and 7+ reserve Air Force fighter wings (down from 24 and 12 in 1990)

FUTURE YEAR MILITARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (FUNCTION 050)

FY 2002 $350.8 billion

FY 2003 $396.1 billion

FY 2004 $405.0 billion

FY 2005 $426.2 billion

FY 2006 $447.5 billion

FY 2007 $469.6 billion

GLOSSARY

Military budget: Military spending contained in the Pentagon budget, intelligence budget, Department of Energy military programs, and a few smaller programs

BA - Budget Authority: Total amount that Congress makes available to an agency through authorizations and appropriations in a Fiscal Year

Outlays: Amount an agency actually spends, money that has been approved in current or prior fiscal years

DOD: Department of Defense

DOE: Department of Energy

FY: Fiscal Year, from October 1 through September 30

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