Center for Arms Control

Security Spending

by Christopher Hellman [contact information]

by Travis Sharp [contact information]

Analysis of Senate May 2008 Iraq-Afghanistan Supplemental War Funding for DOD

May 21, 2008

SUMMARY

The week of May 19, the Senate is tentatively scheduled to vote on the war supplemental funding package, although the vote may be delayed until after the Memorial Day recess. The supplemental package is slated to include funding for ongoing military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, war policy provisions, and domestic spending for programs like GI veterans' education benefits. The never-enacted Fiscal Year (FY) 2008 Military Construction-Veterans Administration Appropriations bill (HR 2642) will be used as a legislative vehicle for the supplemental.

For the sake of clarity and accuracy, this analysis will ONLY deal with war funding for the Department of Defense (DOD). War-related funding for the State Department, USAID, and the Veterans Administration is also expected to be included in the supplemental, but is not addressed here.

The war funding amendment recommended by the Senate Appropriations Committee would provide DOD with $99.5 billion in FY2008 funding, $3 billion less than the administration's pending request, for ongoing military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The supplemental would also provide DOD with $65.9 billion in FY2009 funding, the amount requested by the administration.

Thus, the supplemental would provide DOD with $165.4 billion in combined FY2008 and FY2009 funding for DOD operations related to Iraq and Afghanistan.

If this $165.4 billion supplemental is enacted into law, Congress will have approved over $860 billion in DOD, State/USAID, and Veterans Administration funding for the Global War on Terror (GWOT) since 2001. This would cement Iraq and Afghanistan's place as the second costliest conflict in U.S. history.

For more information, visit the Center's Iraq-Afghanistan supplemental funding resource center.

BACKGROUND: FY 2008 & FY 2009 WAR FUNDING

In December 2007, Congress approved $86.8 billion in "bridge" FY2008 war-related funding as part of the FY2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act (HR 2764/PL 110-161). With enactment of this "bridge" fund, $102.5 billion in pending FY2008 war-related funding for DOD remains to be acted upon by Congress in 2008.

For FY2009, the Bush administration submitted a placeholder $70 billion "bridge" emergency supplemental war funding request alongside its "base" FY2009 national defense (Function 050) request of $542.5 billion. In May 2008, the administration provided a detailed overview of its $70 billion FY2009 request. This $70 billion will not be enough to fund GWOT operations throughout all of FY2009, but it will fund operations into 2009, when the next President takes office.

HIGHLIGHTS

Iraqi and Afghan Security Forces – Provides $2.5 billion in total funding ($1.5 billion FY2008 + $1.0 billion FY2009) for Iraqi Security Forces. Provides $3.4 billion in total funding ($1.4 billion FY2008 + $2.0 billion FY2009) for Afghan Security Forces.

Commander's Emergency Response Program (CERP) – Provides $1.2 billion in FY2008 funding for CERP, of which $480 million is for Afghanistan and $2 million is to fight terrorism in the Philippines.

Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization (JIEDDO) – Provides $2.0 billion in FY2009 funding for JIEDDO.

C-17 Transport Aircraft – Includes $3.6 billion in FY2008 funding for the purchase of 15 C-17 transports for the Air Force. This funding was not requested by the administration. The committee justification language says that DOD "has not adequately assessed strategic lift requirements" given that the C-17 production line faces "shut-down in the very near-term."

Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles (MRAP) – Provides $1.7 billion in FY2009 funding for the MRAP Vehicle Fund.

Army Vehicles – Provides $1.3 billion in total funding ($921 million FY2008 + $394.8 million FY2009) for Bradley Fighting Vehicles; $2.2 billion in total funding ($2.0 billion FY2008 + $248.1 million FY2009) for Stryker Vehicles; $2.0 billion in total funding ($1.6 billion FY2008 + $390.2 million FY2009) for Humvees; and $2.4 billion in total funding ($2.3 billion FY2008 + $90.0 million FY2009) for the Family of Heavy Tactical Vehicles.

Aircraft – Provides $768 million in FY2008 funding for 13 Navy F/A-18E/F Hornets; $690.2 million in total funding for V-22 Ospreys; and $1.8 billion in FY2008 funding for 18 C-130Js and 7 MC-130Js. No funding was provided for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, although the administration requested $230 million in FY2008 funding for 1 aircraft.

DOD FUNDING PROVISIONS

Total Funding (DOD only)
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $86.8 billion
FY2008 Remaining Request: $102.5 billion
FY2009 Bridge Request: $65.9 billion
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $99.5 billion (FY2008) + $65.9 (FY2009) = $165.4 billion total

Personnel
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $1.1 billion
FY2008 Remaining Request: $16.8 billion
FY2009 Bridge Request: $3.8 billion
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $18.1 billion (FY2008) + $1.2 billion (FY2009) = $19.3 billion total

Operations & Maintenance (O&M)
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $57.6 billion
FY2008 Remaining Request: $34.9 billion
FY2009 Bridge Request: $51.1 billion
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $34.4 billion (FY2008) + $54.9 billion (FY2009) = $89.3 billion total

Procurement
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $27.2 billion
FY2008 Remaining Request: $44.4 billion
FY2009 Bridge Request: $8.5 billion
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $42.0 billion (FY2008) + $4.4 billion (FY2009) = $46.4 billion total

Research, Development, Testing & Evaluation (RDT&E)
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): none
FY2008 Remaining Request: $2.9 billion
FY2009 Bridge Request: $379 million
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $1.7 billion (FY2008) + $387.8 million (FY2009) = $2.1 billion total

Revolving and Management Funds
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $1 billion
FY2008 Remaining Request: $962.8 million
FY2009 Bridge Request: $2.2 billion
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $1.8 billion (FY2008) + none (FY2009) = $1.8 billion total

OTHER DOD PROGRAMS OF INTEREST

Defense Health Program (O&M)
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $575.7 million
FY2008 Remaining Request: $561.7 million
FY2009 Bridge Request: $400 million (under "Medical Support Fund")
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $1.4 billion (FY2008) + $1.1 billion (FY2009) = $2.5 billion total

Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities (O&M)
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $192.6 million
FY2008 Remaining Request: $65.0 million
FY2009 Bridge Request: $130 million
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $65.3 million (FY2008) + $188 million (FY2009) = $253.3 million total

Iraq Freedom Fund (O&M)
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $3.7 billion
FY2008 Remaining Request: $103.8 million
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $50 million (FY2008) + none (FY2009) = $50 million total

Commander's Emergency Response Program (O&M)
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $500 million
FY2008 Remaining Request: $719.4 million
FY2009 Bridge Request: $1.7 billion
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $1.2 billion (FY2008) + none (FY2009) = $1.2 billion total

Afghanistan Security Forces Fund (O&M)
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $1.35 billion
FY2008 Remaining Request: $1.35 billion
FY2009 Bridge Request: $3.7 billion
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $1.4 billion (FY2008) + $2.0 billion (FY2009) = $3.4 billion total

Iraq Security Forces Fund (O&M)
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $1.5 billion
FY2008 Remaining Request: $1.5 billion
FY2009 Bridge Request: $2.0 billion
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $1.5 billion (FY2008) + $1.0 billion (FY2009) = $2.5 billion total

Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization (JIEDDO) (Procurement)
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $4.3 billion
FY2008 Remaining Request: none
FY2009 Bridge Request: $3.0 billion
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: none (FY2008) + $2.0 billion (FY2009) = $2.0 billion total

MAJOR WEAPONS SYSTEMS

ARMY

ARH-70 Armed Reconnaissance Helicopter
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): none
FY2008 Remaining Request: $222.6 million for 29 aircraft
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: none (FY2008) + none (FY2009) = none

UH-60 Blackhawk Helicopters (multiyear procurement)
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $483.3 million for 36 aircraft
FY2008 Remaining Request: $44.1 million for 3 aircraft
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $44.7 million for modifications (FY2008) + none (FY2009) = $44.7 million total

Bradley Fighting Vehicles
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $700.1 million for 235 vehicles
FY2008 Remaining Request: $921.0 million for 308 vehicles
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $921 million (FY2008) + $394.8 million (FY2009) = $1.3 billion total

Stryker Vehicles
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $41 million for 10 vehicles
FY2008 Remaining Request: $2.0 billion for 473 vehicles
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $2.0 billion (FY2008) + $248.1 million (FY2009) = $2.2 billion total

High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles "Humvee"
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $455 million for 2,409 vehicles
FY2008 Remaining Request: $1.6 billion for 8,469 vehicles
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $1.6 billion (FY2008) + $390.2 million (FY2009) = $2.0 billion total

Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $146 million for 765 vehicles
FY2008 Remaining Request: $2.7 billion for 14,103 vehicles
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $793.6 million (FY2008) + none (FY2009) = $793.6 million total

Family of Heavy Tactical Vehicles
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $427 million for 799 vehicles
FY2008 Remaining Request: $2.4 billion for 4,506 vehicles
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $2.3 billion (FY2008) + $90.0 million (FY2009) = $2.4 billion total

NAVY

F/A-18E/F Hornet Fighters (multiyear procurement)
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): none
FY2008 Remaining Request: $768.0 million for 13 aircraft
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $768.0 million for 13 aircraft (FY2008) + none (FY2009) = $768.0 million total

KC-130J Refueling/Transport Aircraft
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): none
FY2008 Remaining Request: $495.4 million for 17 aircraft
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $602.4 million for 9 aircraft (FY2008) + none (FY2009) = $602.4 million total

V-22 Osprey
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): none
FY2008 Remaining Request: $140.5 million for 2 Navy aircraft
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $140.5 million for 2 Navy aircraft (FY2008) + none (FY2009) = $140.5 million total
NOTE: $173.8 million in FY2008 defense-wide procurement is also provided.

AIR FORCE

F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF)
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): none
FY2008 Remaining Request: $230 million for 1 aircraft
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: none (FY2008) + none (FY2009) = none

C-17 Airlift Aircraft
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): none
FY2008 Remaining Request: none
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $3.6 billion for 15 aircraft (FY2008) + none (FY2009) = $3.6 billion total

C-130J Transport Aircraft
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): none
FY2008 Remaining Request: $1.4 billion for 17 aircraft
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $1.8 billion for 18 C-130J and 7 MC-130J aircraft (FY2008) + none (FY2009) = $1.8 billion total

V-22 Osprey
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): none
FY2008 Remaining Request: $492.5 million for 5 Air Force aircraft
FY2009 Bridge Request: none
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: $375.9 million (FY2008) + none (FY2009) = $375.9 million total>
NOTE: $173.8 million in FY2008 defense-wide procurement is also provided.

DEFENSE-WIDE

Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles (MRAP)
FY2008 Already Provided (December 2007 Bridge): $16.8 billion
FY2008 Remaining Request: none
FY2009 Bridge Request: $2.6 billion
Amount in Senate Supplemental Package: none (FY2008) + $1.7 billion (FY2009) = $1.7 billion total

SOURCES

Office of Management and Budget, Fiscal Year (FY) 2009 Global War on Terror Bridge Request (released May 2, 2008).
Office of the Secretary of Defense, Fiscal Year (FY) 2008 Global War on Terror Pending Request (updated February 2008).
Text and explanatory statement, Senate Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2008 (released May 20, 2008).

Christopher Hellman 202-546-0795 chellman@armscontrolcenter.org

Christopher Hellman is the Military Policy Fellow at the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation where his work focuses on national security spending, military planning and policy, trends in the defense industry, global military spending, and homeland security. Hellman is a frequent media commentator on these issues. Previously, Hellman worked for the Center for Defense Information, Physicians for Social Responsibility, and spent ten years as a congressional staffer working on national security and foreign policy issues.

Travis Sharp 202-546-0795 ext. 2105 tsharp@armscontrolcenter.org

Travis Sharp is the Military Policy Analyst at the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation. He has published articles on defense policy in scholarly journals, internet magazines, and local newspapers, and has appeared on or been quoted in media venues such as the New York Times, Washington Post, Boston Globe, CNN, and Al Jazeera.

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