Dr. Edward Levine – Chair
Former Congressional Staff
Phil Coyle – Secretary
Former Assistant Secretary of Defense
Samuel Knight– Treasurer
Board of Directors
Susan Flood Burk
Ambassador Peter Galbraith
Former U.S. Ambassador
Former nuclear weapons lab director
George Washington University
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
National Advisory Board
Senator Byron Dorgan
Former Senator from North Dakota
Lt. General Robert Gard
U.S. Army (Ret.)
Ambassador Thomas Graham, Jr.
Former U.S. Diplomat
Joseph P. Hoar
General, U.S. Marine Corps (Ret.)
Senior Fellow, Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation
Arlen “Dirk” Jameson
Lt. General, U.S. Air Force (Ret.)
John C. Polanyi
University of Toronto
Frank von Hippel
University of Washington
Robert Brooke Zevin Associates, Inc.
Affiliations for Identification Only
Sam Knight is a retired attorney whose practice had focused on real estate and environmental issues. Over the years, he has been on the board and treasurer of several nonprofit organizations and continues to serve as treasurer of the Belmont Land Trust and on the board of the Buzzard’s Bay Coalition.
Susan Flood Burk
Mrs. Burk served as the special Representative of the President, Nuclear Nonproliferation with the rank of Ambassador, from 2009-2012, leading the U.S. preparations for and participation in the successful 2010 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference. Over her more than 35 years of public service focused on United States’ nonproliferation, arms control and counterterrorism objectives, she has held a number of senior positions in both the State Department and the former U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACCDA). Burk served as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of Nonproliferation, and as Acting Assistant Secretary of in the Nonproliferation Bureau for 14 months. She was the first Deputy Coordinator for Homeland Security in the State Department’s Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism. In ACDA, she headed the office that led the U.S. preparations for the successful 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference.
Since her retirement from federal service, she has been retained by the Department of Energy as a consultant on nuclear nonproliferation and NPT issues. She has continued to write and speak on these subjects. She serves on the Boards of the Herbert P. Scoville Peace Fellowships, the Arms Control Association, the Center of Concern and the State Department Senior Seminar Alumnae Association. She is a member of the American Academy of Diplomacy. She is an active member of the American Association of University Women (AAUW) and currently serves on the Board of AAUW of Virginia.
Mrs. Burk is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Trinity College, Washington, DC (B.A. 1976) and of Georgetown University (M.A. 1982).
Philip E. Coyle
The Honorable Philip E. Coyle is the Senior Science Fellow at the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation. Previously, he was Associate Director for National Security and International Affairs at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy under President Barack Obama. In 2005 he was appointed by President George W. Bush to the nine-member Base Realignment and Closure Commission (BRAC). He is a former assistant secretary of defense and director of Operational Test & Evaluation at the Pentagon. With more than 40 years experience, Mr. Coyle is a recognized expert on US and worldwide military research, development and testing matters. Prior to his stint at the Pentagon, Mr. Coyle was associate director of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Livermore, Calif. – where he served in several capacities from 1959 to 1979, and again from 1981 to 1993. During the Carter Administration, Mr. Coyle served as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Defense Programs in the Department of Energy. He is the co-author of the book, “The Challenges of Nuclear Non-Proliferation.”
Ambassador Peter W. Galbraith is the Senior Diplomatic Fellow at the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation. Prior to joining the Center, Galbraith was a professor of National Security Strategy at the National War College. He has held senior positions in the United States government and with the United Nations, including U.S. Ambassador to Croatia and Director for Political, Constitutional, and Electoral Affairs at the U.N. Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET).
Lt. General Robert Gard
Lt. General Robert G. Gard, Jr. is a National Advisory Board member of the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation. During his military career, Gard saw combat in both the Korea and Vietnam wars, and served a three year tour in Germany. He also served as Executive Assistant to two secretaries of defense; the first Director of Human Resources Development for the U.S. Army; Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs; and President of National Defense University (NDU).
Jill Hruby is Emeritus Director and President of Sandia National Laboratories Director and now an active independent consultant, providing services to the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI), Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and numerous boards and advisory committees.
In 2018-2019, Jill was the inaugural Sam Nunn Distinguished Fellow at NTI focusing on the intersection of technology and nuclear non-proliferation policy. Hruby served as the Director of Sandia National Laboratories from 2015 to 2017. Hruby spent 34 years at Sandia in roles with increasing responsibilities. Hruby is currently a member of the Defense Science Board, the National Nuclear Security Administration Defense Programs Advisory Committee, the National Academy of Science Committee for International Security and Arms Control, the Los Alamos Missions Committee, the Oak Ridge National Security Sciences Advisory Committee, Fermi National Accelerator Lab Strategic Programs Advisory Committee, Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy Board, Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Board, CRDF Global Board, NTI Board, Georgia Tech Research Institute Advisory Committee, and others. She is a frequent participant in international dialogues; a spokesperson for women in engineering; and a mentor for emerging leaders.
Hruby earned her bachelor’s degree from Purdue University and her master’s degree from the University of California at Berkeley, both in mechanical engineering. She has authored numerous publications and reports, holds three patents, and received an R&D 100 Award. In 2016, she received the Suzanne Jenniches Upward Mobility Award from the Society of Women Engineers. In 2017, Business Insider named her the second most powerful female engineer. Jill has received the Department of Energy Secretary’s Exceptional Service Award, the National Nuclear Security Administrator’s Distinguished Service Gold Award, and Office of the Secretary of Defense Medal for Exceptional Public Service.
Dr. Edward Levine
Dr. Edward Levine, chairman of the board of the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, is a retired senior professional staff member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, which he served from 1997 until 2011. He was a professional staff member of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence from 1976 until 1997.
Dr. Levine was the Foreign Relations Committee’s lead Democratic specialist on arms control, nonproliferation, and U.S arms sales to other countries. He played a major staff role in the Senate’s consideration of the Chemical Weapons Convention, the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty, the Moscow Treaty, the New START Treaty, protocols to the Convention on Conventional Weapons, conventions relating to nuclear safety, arms sale agreements with the United Kingdom and Australia, and the U.S.-India nuclear agreement. He also helped to oversee and to maintain funding for U.S. nonproliferation programs and U.S. contributions to the IAEA and the CTBTO Preparatory Commission.
Dr. Levine served both Republican and Democratic members of the Senate Intelligence Committee. One of his roles was to write or co-author the committee’s assessments of U.S capabilities to monitor compliance with SALT II, the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty, the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty, the Threshold Test-Ban Treaty and the Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty, the Open Skies Treaty, and the Chemical Weapons Convention.
Prior to working for the U.S. Senate, Dr. Levine taught political science at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor) and at Rice University. He received his B.A. in political science from the University of California (Berkeley) and his M.A. and Ph.D. in international relations from Yale University.
Sharon Squassoni’s research, writing and policy-making has focused on reducing risks from nuclear energy and weapons for more than three decades. She has held senior positions at the State Department, Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and the Congressional Research Service, as well as the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Center for Strategic & International Studies. She is on the Science and Security Board of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists and the PIR Center in Moscow.
Dr. Jim Walsh
Dr. Jim Walsh is an expert in international security and Research Associate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Security Studies Program (SSP). Dr. Walsh’s research and writings focus on international security, and in particular, topics involving nuclear weapons. He is one of a handful of Americans who has traveled to both Iran and North Korea for talks with officials about nuclear issues. Dr. Walsh has testified before the United States Senate on the issue of nuclear terrorism and on Iran’s nuclear program. The British newspaper, The Independent, named Dr. Walsh and his co-authors as having offered one of the 10 best and original ideas of 2008.
He is the international security contributor to NPR’s “Hear and Now,” and a contributor for WGBH (PBS, Boston), the NBC affiliate in Boston (WHDH), Al Jazeera America, and CNN. He also contributes a regular column for WBUR (NPR-Boston). His comments and analysis have appeared in the New York Times, the New York Review of Books, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, the Atlantic, the Economist, ABC, CBS, NBC, Fox, and numerous other national and international media outlets (over 1000 TV appearances since 2001). His film credits include Testament (Paramount Pictures, 2004), Meltdown (FX channel, 2004), and Fortress Australia (Australia Broadcast Corporation, 2002).
Before coming to MIT, Dr. Walsh was Executive Director of the Managing the Atom project at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government and a visiting scholar at the Center for Global Security Research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. He has taught at both Harvard University and MIT. Dr. Walsh received his Ph.D from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
From 1973 until his retirement in 1993, Lincoln H. Day was Senior Fellow in the Department of Demography, Research School of Social Sciences, Institute of Advanced Studies, Australian National University. He has also served as Chief of the Demographic & Social Statistics Branch of the United Nations. He has written several books, including Too Many Americans (with Alice Day), as well as some 80 book chapters and articles.
Senator Byron Dorgan is Senior Policy Advisor at Arentfox.com and serves as co-chair, along with Phil English, of the firm’s government relations practice. Senator Dorgan served in the US Senate leadership for 16 years, first as Assistant Democratic Floor Leader and then as Chairman of the Democratic Policy Committee. He has had a prolific career in public service at both the state and federal levels. He served as the elected State Tax Commissioner for the state of North Dakota followed by 12 years in the US House of Representatives and 18 years in the US Senate. Over the course of his career in public office, Senator Dorgan consistently promoted and defended the economic needs of rural America, advocated for renewable energy and energy independence, and for sound economic policies. He was a senior senator on the Appropriations, Energy, and Commerce Committees in the Senate and chairman of key subcommittees on aviation, energy, water, and Indian issues. He served on the Ways and Means Committee in the House. He is recognized as a leader in energy, aviation, agriculture, water, economic, and Native American issues.
Thomas Graham, Jr.
Ambassador Thomas Graham, Jr. was Special Representative of the President for Arms Control, Nonproliferation and Disarmament from 1994 to 1997. Internationally known as one of the leading authorities in the field of arms control agreements to combat the spread of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons, Ambassador Graham has served as a senior U.S. diplomat involved in the negotiation of every major international arms control and non-proliferation agreement for the past 30 years. Currently, he is Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors of Thorium Power.
Joseph P. Hoar
General Joseph P. Hoar is a retired U.S. Marine Corps officer and former Commander of the United States Central Command. During the Vietnam War, Hoar was assigned with the 2nd Marine Division, commanding Company M, 3rd Battalion. Hoar was the Deputy for Operations for the Marine Corps during the Gulf War, and prior to that he was General H. Norman Schwarzkopf’s chief of staff at Central Command. After retirement, he set up the consulting firm J.P. Hoar & Associates. Since 2002, Hoar has actively opposed the war in Iraq.
John Isaacs is a Senior Fellow at the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation and Council for a Livable World. He is one of the leaders of the nation’s arms control community and has long been an expert on the workings of Congress, representing the Council on Capitol Hill since 1978. Isaacs previously served as a Legislative Assistant on foreign affairs to Representative Stephen Solarz (D-NY), a Legislative Representative on foreign policy and defense budgets for Americans for Democratic Action, and a Foreign Service Officer in Vietnam.
Arlen “Dirk” Jameson
Lt. General Dirk Jameson served as Deputy Commander in Chief and Chief of Staff of U.S. Strategic Command before retiring from the U.S. Air Force in 1996 after more than three decades of active service. Gen. Jameson was responsible for directing the headquarters staff of 4,000 men and women and participating in numerous nuclear forums with the leaders of the Russian Federation Strategic Rocket Forces.
Gene Pokorny was Chairman of Research International/Cambridge, a market research and consulting practice that is a unit of the Research International division of WPP, the world’s largest marketing and communications services organization. Pokorny has also been a Director of The Benton Foundation in Washington, D.C. and is currently a Trustee of the Marketing Science Institute in Cambridge. Pokorny has been active numerous political campaigns over the last 30 years, at both the state and national levels.
John C. Polanyi
John C. Polanyi is a chemist and educator who, with Dudley R. Herschbach and Yuan T. Lee, received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1986 for his contribution to the field of chemical-reaction dynamics. Polanyi developed a technique that is known as infrared chemiluminescence based on the observation that molecules, when excited, emit infrared light. He accepted a research position with the National Research Council of Canada in 1952 and began teaching at the University of Toronto in 1956, accepting the title of University Professor in 1974.
Frank von Hippel
Frank von Hippel is a nuclear physicist and Professor of Public and International Affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University. A former Assistant Director for National Security in the White House Office of Science and Technology, von Hippel’s areas of policy research include nuclear arms control and nonproliferation, energy, and checks and balances in policymaking for technology. Prior to coming to Princeton, he worked for ten years in the field of elementary-particle theoretical physics.
George Wallerstein is an American astronomer known for researching the chemical composition of stellar atmospheres. In 2002, he won the Henry Norris Russell Lectureship, presented by the American Astronomical Society, in recognition of a lifetime of excellence in astronomical research. He received his Ph. D. from the California Institute of Technology. He has also been on the Board of Directors for the NAACP Legal Defense Fund.
Leonard Weiss is a former full professor of applied mathematics and engineering, and was for many years the staff director of a standing US Senate committee where he produced legislation and directed investigations in the areas of energy, nuclear nonproliferation, and government management. He was the chief architect of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Act of 1978. He is currently an affiliate of the Center for International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University, and writes frequently on public policy issues.
Robert Zevin is President of Zevin Asset Management, Inc. He has been a leader in socially responsible investing (SRI) since his pioneering work in SRI forty years ago. Zevin played a leading role in the anti-apartheid divestment campaign in the 1980s, testifying before dozens of city councils, state legislators, and college and university boards as well as writing the major studies used by the states of Connecticut and Michigan to justify divestment. He has also written many articles and published two books.