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Since 2013, nations of the P5+1 (the United States, France, the United Kingdom, China, Russia, plus Germany) have engaged in diplomatic negotiations with Iran in order to satisfy the international community’s concerns over Iran’s nuclear program.

On July 14, 2015, after two years of negotiations, the P5+1 announced the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. Under the agreement, Iran will significantly reduce its nuclear program and accept strict monitoring and verification safeguards to ensure its program is for solely peaceful purposes. In exchange, Iran will receive economic sanctions relief from nuclear-related sanctions, but only after the International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA) verifies that Iran has completed its initial requirements under the agreement.

As described in the 2015 Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act, Congress completed its 60-day review period of the agreement.

The Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation works within a broad coalition of organizations to support this diplomatic non-proliferation effort and ensure that the JCPOA is being implemented and complied with by all parties.



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