Updated September 2022
Diplomats from China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, Iran and the United States have been meeting in Vienna for months to resolve the Iranian nuclear crisis. The delegations are attempting to negotiate the revival of the Iran nuclear deal, known formally as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The core bargain of the deal can still be revived—an exchange of sanctions relief for significantly constraining Iran’s nuclear program—but there is little time as Iran’s program marches forward. In late August, the EU provided a “final proposal” to resolve the issue in a way intended to be acceptable with all parties’ known positions. Iran requested some changes. After review, the United States identified several areas of concern with the Iranian changes to the “final” document. Should it be accepted, below are Iran’s JCPOA obligations, the status of those obligations and the steps needed to restore the deal’s nuclear limits.