Summary: FY 2020 House Defense Appropriations Bill (HR. 2968)

Top Line

A. Total Appropriations

  • Total discretionary funding: $690.2 billion (an increase of $15.8 billion from FY 2019; a decrease of $8 billion from the request)
  • Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO): $68.1 billion (included in $690.2 billion), a reduction of $96.2 billion from the request

Note: This total, plus funds in a separate Department of Energy and military construction appropriations bill, represents a topline of $733 billion for defense.

B. Major spending categories

Title I—Military Personnel: $153.9 billion (including OCO funds)

Title II—Operation and Maintenance: $256.5 billion (including OCO funds)

Title III—Procurement: $142.0 billion (including OCO funds)

Title IV—Research, development, test and evaluation: $101.5 billion (including OCO funds)

Title VI—Other Department of Defense Programs: $33.8 billion (including OCO funds)

Title IX—Overseas Contingency Operation: $68.1 billion


Select Nuclear and Related Weapons Programs

A. Ohio Replacement Strategic Submarine (Columbia Class)

  • $1.6 billion: Procurement
  • $419.1 million: Research and development

B. Long range strike bomber B-21 (Conventional and Nuclear)

  • $3.0 billion: Research and development

C. Long Range Standoff Weapon (LRSO)

  • $712.5 million: Research and development  

D. Ground Based Strategic Deterrent (GBSD – ICBM replacement)

  •  $461.7 million: Research and development, a reduction of $108.7 million from request)

E. Trident II submarine-launched ballistic missile

  •  $1.2 billion: Procurement for modifications

F.  New Nuclear Sea-Launched Cruise Missile (SLCM-N)

  • $5.0 million: Research and development, the requested amount, but outlines concerns about the program by requiring a report on cost of acquisition, estimated costs of increased operational and security costs and other subjects

G.  W76-2 low-yield SLBM warhead

  • $0: A cut of $19.6 million in Trident II mods that is called “excess to need”  

H.  Ground based mid-course missile defense system (National missile defense)

  • $969.1 million: Research and development, a cut of $187.4 million  

I.  Exotic missile defense systems

  • $0 for Neutral Particle Beam missile defense: A cut of $34 million
  • $0 for space-based missile defense: A cut of $15 million

J. Intermediate-range missiles

  • $0: Cut out funds for a planned test of the intermediate range anti-missile system SM3-IIA against an ICBM target and for new intermediate range missiles that would violate the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty.

K. Space Force

  • $15.0 million: Research and development, a $57.4 million cut from the request of $72.4 million; rejects without prejudice creation of a Space Force as a separate service but recommends instead that the Pentagon study options.  


Select Conventional Program Programs

A. Aviation programs

  • 90 F-35 aircraft, 12 more than the request ($8.7 billion)
  • 8 F-15EX aircraft to recapitalize the F-15C/D fleet ($986 million)
  • 73 UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters, 15 more than the fiscal year 2019 enacted level ($1.4 billion).
  • 14 V-22 aircraft, four more than the request ($1.2 billion)
  • 9 P-8A Poseidon aircraft, three more than the request ($1.7 billion)
  • 16 C/MC/KC-130J aircraft, four more than the request, including an additional 4 C-130Js for the Air Force Reserve ($1.4 billion)
  • 24 F/A-18 E/F Superhornet aircraft ($1.7 billion)
  • 12 KC-46 tanker aircraft ($2.2 billion)
  • 1 Presidential aircraft replacement ($757.8 million)

B. Shipbuilding

Navy Shipbuilding Program Total: $21.7 billion, funds the construction of 11 new ships:

  • 3 DDG-51 guided missile destroyers
  • 2 SSN-774 attack submarines
  • 1 Frigate
  • 1 Ford class aircraft carrier
  • 2 TAO fleet oilers
  • 2 towing, salvage, and rescue ships
  • Advance procurement of the first Columbia Class submarine ($1.6 billion)
  • Advance procurement for 3 Virginia Class submarines ($4.3 billion)
  • 1 Ship to Shore Connector, one more than the request ($65 million)

C. Military Pay

  • Military pay increase: 3.1%
  • Civilian pay increase: 3.1%


Other programs of interest

A. Prompt Global Strike Capability development

  • $0: Eliminates the entire $107.0 million request for research and development

B. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund

  • $4.5 billion

C. Cooperative Threat Reduction

  • $353.7 million  

D. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense

  • $985.5 million

E. Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)

  • $568.1 million: Base Budget
  • $317.6 million: Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) Account

F. Defense Sexual Assault Prevention and response

  • $297.2 million


Military personnel levels

2,138,300 total military personnel

  • 1,337,500 active duty end strength
  • 800,800 guard and reserve end strength


Miscellaneous provisions

  • Rejects the President’s $98 billion Overseas Contingency Operations funding request for the base Pentagon budget programs, restoring funds to base accounts, labeling the President’s request a “gimmick.”
  • Prohibits the use of Defense funds for the President’s border wall.
  • Reduces the Department of Defense’s transfer authority from the $9.5 billion requested to $1.5 billion, and reduces thresholds for prior approval of reprogramming funds in response to Pentagon reprogramming funds for the border wall and other purposes without prior approval of the four congressional military committees.
  • Prohibits the transfer of F-35 fighters to Turkey.
  • Prohibits funds for cooperation with the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen, with certain exceptions. (Ruppersberger (D-MD) amendment adopted 30-22 in full committee)
  • Terminates after eight months the 2001 Authorization to Use Military Force used to justify continued US combat overseas. (Lee (D-CA) amendment adopted 30-22 in full committee)