Members of Scientists Working Group
Marie Chevrier (PhD) is Professor of Public Policy and Chair of the Department of Public Policy and Administration at Rutgers University-Camden. Dr. Chevrier’s research focuses on analysis of the arms control negotiations and implementation, in particular the negotiations to control chemical and biological weapons.
Dr. Chevrier was chair of the BioWeapons Prevention Project, a Geneva based civil society network from 2008-2011. She is an active member of the Pugwash Study Group on the Implementation of the Chemical and Biological Weapons Conventions. She has been designated an expert on security and disarmament matters by The Weapons of Mass Destruction Branch of the United Nations Department for Disarmament Affairs (DDA) and an expert by the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Dr. Chevrier was the former associate director of the Harvard Sussex Program on Chemical and Biological Armaments and Arms Limitation at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University and has been on the faculty of two NATO Advanced Study Institutes on biological weapons control.
Dr. Chevrier received her Master’s and Ph.D. in public policy from Harvard University.
Deceased Jack Woodall
Jack Woodall was Visiting Professor and Director (ret.), Nucleus for the Investigation of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Institute of Medical Biochemistry, Center for Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He co-founded and was an Associate Editor of ProMED-mail (www.promedmail.org).
Dr. Woodall was formerly Director of the Arbovirus Laboratory, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY, USA; Scientist at the Division of Epidemiological Surveillance & Health Situation & Trend Assessment, WHO/Geneva; Director of the San Juan Laboratories, CDC, Puerto Rico; Director of The Rockefeller Foundation`s Belem Virus Laboratory in Brazil; and Senior Scientist at the East African Virus Research Institute in Entebbe, Uganda. He co-founded, with the Swiss Disaster Relief Unit, Task Force ‘Scorpio’ to respond to collateral damage to civilians in case of the release of NBC weapons in the first Gulf War; led the WHO delegation to the Third Review Conference of the BWC; and debriefed the leaders of the first chemical and biological inspection teams of UNSCOM. Dr. Woodall has published several papers in SIPRI’s Chemical and Biological Weapons series, the Geneva International Peace Research Institute’s papers, NATO Advanced Research Workshop papers, and BWPP Occasional Papers.
Dr. Woodall received his MA at the university of Cambridge and PhD at the University of London. He also holds an Honorary Diploma from the American Veterinary Epidemiology Society.
Lynn Klotz (Phd.) is a Senior Science Fellow at the Center for Arms Control and Non-proliferation. He also is Co-managing Director of Bridging BioScience and BioBusiness LLC, a biotechnology education business. In 2013 to 2015, he was Adjunct Professor and Research Scholar at the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication.
Dr. Klotz is a former Harvard University faculty member and biotechnology company executive. While at Harvard University, he was a recipient of the prestigious Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar grant for teaching excellence. He was also nominated for a Pulitzer Prize along with co-author Edward Sylvester, by the publisher Charles Scribner’s Sons, for the 1983 book The Gene Age: Genetic Engineering and the Next Industrial Revolution.
In the biosecurity area, he is focusing on quantifying the risks of laboratory escapes of potential pandemic pathogens and on the negative impact on public health of the Bush-era biodefense policies.
Dr. Klotz has focused on Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) compliance and transparency issues relating to the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. In the late 1990s, he led a three-year joint effort between the Working Group and the pharmaceutical industry association, PhRMA, to address BWC transparency protocol negotiations so as to alleviate industry concerns.
Dr. Klotz was also the lead developer of a set of free, online ethical educational materials to prepare life scientists to assume greater responsibility for helping to mitigate the risks that come with the dual-use potential of modern life sciences.
He holds a bachelor’s degree in Mathematics from Princeton University and a PhD in chemistry from the University of California, San Diego.
Martin Furmanski (MD) is a physician with an interest in the medical aspects and laboratory evaluation of chemical and biological weapons. His interests in contemporary arms control include the medical limitations of non-lethal chemical agents and the application of the historical experience of national chemical and biological weapons programs to the technical evaluation of present chemical and biological threats. He has done field investigations of survivors of WWII CW and BW attacks in China with Sheldon H Harris, and compiled substantial documentation on the technical development of the Japanese and US, British and Canadian BW programs from the 1940s to 1960s. He has contributed to several historical treatments of chemical and biological weapons developments for this period.
Dr. Furmanski received his undergraduate training in Medical Microbiology at Stanford University, where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and his medical training at UCLA, where he was elected to Alpha Omega Alpha. He is board certified in Anatomic Pathology and Clinical Pathology (Medical Microbiology, Toxicology, and general Laboratory Medicine).
John Gilbert is a Senior Science Fellow with the Center and was a senior arms control analyst with a large professional and technical services company where he has supported a variety of national and international chemical, biological, and nuclear material control, non-proliferation, and counter-terrorism initiatives. He has specialized in on-site inspection operations and management.
Previously, Mr. Gilbert served as a senior officer in the U.S. Air Force, retiring as a Colonel after more than 25 years. He served on and commanded strategic missile crews, spent over 15 years managing organizations that analyzed foreign WMD capabilities and delivery systems, and was one of the first-ever U.S. on-site inspectors (under the INF Treaty) beginning in 1988. He established the chemical and biological operations division within the U.S. On-Site Inspection Agency (now part of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency), and was a member of U.S. national Chemical Weapons delegations and negotiating teams in Geneva, The Hague, and Moscow. He has trained several hundred arms control inspectors for the United States, including those conducting missile, nuclear, and chemical inspections, biological weapon fact-finding visits, and other operations. Many of the people he trained served with distinction on UNSCOM and UNMOVIC (successor to UNSCOM) teams.
Gregory Koblentz (PhD) is an Associate Professor in the School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs and the Director of the Biodefense Graduate Program at George Mason University. He is also an Associate Faculty at the Center for Global Studies at George Mason University. His research and teaching focus on international security and weapons of mass destruction.
Dr. Koblentz is a Research Affiliate with the Security Studies Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a member of the Scientist Working Group on Chemical and Biological Weapons at the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation in Washington, DC.
Prior to arriving at George Mason, Dr. Koblentz was a visiting assistant professor in the School of Foreign Service and Department of Government at Georgetown University. He has also worked for the Executive Session on Domestic Preparedness at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Project at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Dr. Koblentz received his PhD in political science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, his Master in Public Policy from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, and his Bachelor of Arts from Brown University.
Kathleen Vogel (PhD) is an associate professor at North Carolina State University in the Department of Political Science. She also serves as Director of the Science, Technology, and Society Program. Her research focuses on studying the social and technical dimensions of bioweapons threats and the production of knowledge in intelligence assessments on WMD issues.
Prior to joining the NC State faculty, Dr. Vogel was an associate professor at Cornell University with a joint appointment in the Department of Science and Technology Studies and in the Judith Reppy Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies. Previously, she has been appointed as a William C. Foster Fellow in the U.S. Department of State’s Office of Proliferation Threat Reduction in the Bureau of Nonproliferation. Vogel has also spent time as a visiting scholar at the Cooperative Monitoring Center, Sandia National Laboratories and the Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies.
Dr. Vogel holds a Ph.D. in biological chemistry from Princeton University.
Martin Hugh-Jones (PhD) was Professor for over 25 years in the Department of Pathobiological Sciences, Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine until his retirement in 2004. In addition, he was the Director of the World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center for Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems for Public Health until June 2004.
Dr. Hugh-Jones is one of the foremost authorities on anthrax. He is currently Coordinator of the World Health Organization (WHO) Working Group on Anthrax Research and Control. He also has served as Chairman of the WHO/Veterinary Public Health Working Group: “Anthrax: Epidemiology and Information.” He participated in the investigation of the 1979 anthrax outbreak in Sverdlovsk (now known as Yekaterinburg) in the former USSR. He was in Moscow and Yekaterinburg in 1992 when the Russian government admitted the source of the outbreak to have been an accidental spore emission from a biological warfare facility.
He received his Bachelors, Masters and Veterinary Degrees at Christ’s College, Cambridge University, and his Masters of Public Health at Tulane University.
Kirk Bansak is a PhD student at Stanford University in the Department of Political Science. He has received many honors including the Edmund A. Gullion Prize for outstanding academic achievement, Fletcher School at Tufts University; graduated magna cum laude with highest honors in field (BA) at Harvard University; and summa cum laude for his senior thesis at Harvard University. He has published in academic journals, contributed book chapters, and written magazine articles.
He received his A.B. at Harvard University in Social Anthropology and Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts.