Summary: FY 2020 Senate National Defense Authorization Bill (HR 1790)

Top Line

Funding Totals

  • Total funding: $750 billion (House Armed Services Committee level: $733 billion)
    • $642.5 billion: Department of Defense discretionary base
    • $23.3 billion: Department of Energy discretionary base
    • $75.9 billion: Overseas Contingency Operations
    • $8.4 billion: Other defense-related activities


Select Nuclear and Related Weapons Programs

A. Ohio Replacement Strategic Submarine (Columbia Class)

  • $1.8 billion: Procurement, an increase of $125 million
  • $434.1 million: Research and development, an increase of $15 million

B. Long range strike bomber B-21 (Conventional and Nuclear)

  • $3.0 billion: Research and development, the requested amount

C. Long Range Standoff Weapon (LRSO)

  • $712.5 million: Research and development, the requested amount  

D. Ground Based Strategic Deterrent (GBSD – ICBM replacement)

  •  $592.4 million: Research and development, an increase of $22 million from request

E. Trident II submarine-launched ballistic missile

  •  $1.2 billion: Procurement for modifications

F. Analysis of alternatives for Nuclear Sea-Launched Cruise Missile (SLCM-N)

  • $5.0 million: Research and development, an increase of $5 million; an ask to make the weapon a program of record, Section 241

G.  W76-2 low-yield SLBM warhead in Department of Energy budget

  • $10 million: the requested amount 

H.  Plutonium pits

  • Retains requirement to build 80 pits: The core of a nuclear weapon (House Armed Services Committee cut the number to 30)

I.  Deployed Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles

  • Bars reducing number of deployed ICBMs below 400: Section 1664


Missile Defense Programs

A. Ground-based Midcourse Defense (National Missile Defense)

  • $1.2 billion: Research and development, the requested amount

B. Neutral particle beam missile defense program

  • $0, a reduction of $34 million from the request

C. Space-based sensor program

  • $108 million, and encourages acceleration of the program (Section 1673)


Select Conventional Programs

A. Aviation programs

  • 94 F-35 aircraft, 16 more than the request ($10 billion)
  • 8 F-15X aircraft, a reduction of $162 million from the request ($948 million)
  • 15 KC-46A tanker aircraft, 3 more than the request ($2.8 billion)
  • 66 UH-60M Blackhawk helicopters, 7 fewer than the request ($1.3 billion)
  • 24 F/A-18 E/F Superhornet aircraft 
  • 6 P-8A Poseidon aircraft, the requested number
  • 10 MV-22 Osprey aircraft, the requested number
  • 8 MC-130J aircraft, the requested number ($871.2 million)

B. Shipbuilding

  • 3 DDG-51 Arleigh Burke-class destroyers
  • 2 SSN-774 attack submarines
  • 1 Frigate
  • 2 towing, salvage, and rescue ships
  • 2 Lewis class oilers
  • 4 LCU-1700 amphibious landing craft


Other Programs of Interest

A. Prompt Global Strike Capability development

  • $107.0 million: Research and development, the requested amount

B. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund

  • $4.8 billion: the requested amount

C. Cooperative Threat Reduction

  • $338.7 million: the requested amount 

D. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense

  • $985.5 million: the requested amount

E. Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)

  • $568.1 million: Base Budget, the requested amount
  • $317.6 million: Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) Account, the requested amount


Military Personnel Levels

2,140,307 total military personnel

  • 1,339,500 active duty end strength
  • 800,807 guard and reserve end strength


Military Pay

  • Military pay increase: 3.1%


Miscellaneous Provisions

  • Establishes U.S. Space Force within the U.S. Air Force
  • Bars for one year the withdrawal of U.S. forces from Europe if the U.S. withdraws from NATO (Section 1232)
  • Bars reducing the number of U.S. forces in South Korea below 28,500 without prior Secretary of Defense certification (Section 1251)
  • Transfers $97.9 billion from the administration’s proposed Overseas Contingency Operations “base” funding back to the base discretionary account.
  • Requires a report describing Russia’s deployed non-strategic nuclear weapons; Russia’s nuclear weapons in development that would not be covered by the New START if deployed; Russia’s non-deployed strategic weapons; China’s nuclear modernization program; and the implications thereof on the New START central limits (Section 1243).
  • Prohibits the transfer of F-35 fighters to Turkey if that country accepts the Russian S-400 air and missile defense system (Section 1236)
  • Establishes a cost cap on the CVN-78 aircraft carrier of $13.0 billion (Section 123)
  • Requires the Secretary of the Navy to carry out the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul of the USS John C. Stennis (CVN-74) and USS Harry S. Truman (CVN-75) (Section 128).


Note: The Senate Armed Services Committee approved the bill by a vote of 25-2, with only Senators Warren and Gillibrand voting no.